Package development considerations
2015-05-18 10:57:05

       Package design and development are often thought of as an integral part of the new product development process。 Alternatively, development of a package (or component) can be a separate process, but must be linked closely with the product to be packaged。 Package design starts with the identification of all the requirements: structural design, marketing, shelf life, quality assurance, logistics, legal, regulatory, graphic design, end-use, environmental, etc。 The design criteria, performance (specified by package testing), completion time targets, resources, and cost constraints need to be established and agreed upon。 Package design processes often employ rapid prototyping,computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing and document automation。

  Transport packaging needs to be matched to itslogistics system. Packages designed for controlled shipments of uniform pallet loads may not be suited to mixed shipments with expresscarriers.
  An example of how package design is affected by other factors is the relationship to logistics. When the distribution system includes individual shipments by a small parcel carrier, the sortation, handling, and mixed stacking make severe demands on the strength and protective ability of the transport package. If the logistics system consists of uniform palletized unit loads, the structural design of the package can be designed to those specific needs: vertical stacking, perhaps for a longer time frame. A package designed for one mode of shipment may not be suited for another.
  With some types of products, the design process involves detailed regulatory requirements for the package. For example with packaging foods, any package components that may contact the food are food contact materials. Toxicologists and food scientists need to verify that the packaging materials are allowed by applicable regulations. Packaging engineers need to verify that the completed package will keep the product safe for its intended shelf life with normal usage. Packaging processes, labeling, distribution, and sale need to be validated to comply with regulations and have the well being of the consumer in mind.
  Sometimes the objectives of package development seem contradictory. For example, regulations for an over-the-counter drugmight require the package to be tamper-evident and child resistant: These intentionally make the package difficult to open. The intended consumer, however, might be handicapped or elderly and be unable to readily open the package. Meeting all goals is a challenge.
  Package design may take place within a company or with various degrees of external packaging engineering: independent contractors, consultants, vendor evaluations, independent laboratories, contract packagers, total outsourcing, etc. Some sort of formal Project planning and Project management methodology is required for all but the simplest package design and development programs. An effective quality management system and Verification and Validation protocols are mandatory for some types of packaging and recommended for all.
信嘉彩票平台 日日博彩票平台 人人买彩票平台 芒康彩票平台 快投彩票平台 鸿瑞彩票平台 周易彩票平台 盛光彩票平台 众享彩票平台 芒康彩票平台